– can lead to LOC w/ spontaneous resolution
– can be assoc w/ cyanosis, pallor
– simple vs. complicated (complicated = severe cyanotic or pallid type that is assoc w/ seizure activity)
– normal EEG
– work-up to r/o iron deficiency anemia
Intervention: reassure parents, no Tx unless anemic
CXR: cardiomegaly and pulmonary edema
Echo: global hypokinesis, LVH, LV dysfxn, pericardial effusion.
Bx: gold standard for dx
Intervention: admit to ICU b/c at risk for acute decompensation and fatal arrhythmias
viral infxn is most common form of myocarditis in children.