not accepted medical use, experimental use, only in research
NO telephone, providers signature use only, no refills
liver metabolites, but those metabolites are re-secreted back by the gastrointestinal. you increase the amount of drug. it saves some of the drug. This process prolongs the effect of a drug.
a drug acts on non target organs to produce undesirable effect. side effect and adverse reaction are used interchangeably
the amount desired effect is excessive
immunologic response resulting in a reaction such as a rash or anaphylaxis
antidote is epinephrine.
this system has nerves and ganglia
has pre ganglionic and post ganglionic nerve (Afferent ( go into the CNS) and efferent nerves. ( go away from the CNS)
3,7,9, 10 cranial nervers
the vagus nerve does most of the work.
have short body and LONG nerve
they have a cell body and a LONG neuron
– Handle emergency situations
– Plan appointments
– Have a knowledge of non- prescription medications
Nutritional/ Herbal Supplements
Life long learning
b) Trade name – is capitalized. If a compound is found to be useful it is determined that the compound will be marketed commercially the pharmaceutical company gives the drug a Trade name. ex) Coke. This name is protected for 20 years.
c) Brand name – name of the company it can be used interchangeably with the Trade name.
d) Generic name – is not capitalized. Before the drug is marketed it is given an “official” name ex) cola which is selected by the US adopted name council.
b) Federal Trade committee – regulates the trade practices of drug companies and prohibits the false advertising of foods, nonprescription OTC drugs, cosmetics
c) Food and drug administration – grants approval so that drugs can be marketed in the United States. It must be determined to be both safe and effective.
b) Stage 2- this stage tests effectiveness
c) Stage 3- both safety and efficacy must be demonstrated and dose is also determined.
d) Stage 4- this involves post-marketing surveillance. The toxicity of the drug that occurs in patients taking the drug after it is released is recorded.
– The Rx symbol
– Name and dose of the drug
– amount dispensed
– directions to the patient
– prescribers signature
– DEA number, if required
– Refill instructions
Explain two precautions
• II. High (Oxycodone, morphine, amphetamine, secobarbital)
– Written prescription with provider’s signature only; no refills
• III. Moderate (Codione mixtures (Tyleno #3) hydrocodone mixtures(vicodin)
– Prescription may be telephoned; no more than five prescriptions in 6 months
• IV. less Diazepam (Valium) dextropropoxyphene forms (Darvon)
– Prescription may be telephone; no more than five prescriptions in 6 months
• V. least Some codeine-containing cough syrups
– Can be bought OTC in some states