Pathology – Diseases of the Pericardium

What are the 3 functions of the pericardium?
fixes heart in mediastinum (limits motion), prevents extreme dilation of heart during sudden rises of intracardiac volume, and barrier to limit spread of infection

What are the 3 causes of pericarditis?
infectious agents, immunologically mediated, miscellaneous

What infectious agents cause pericarditis?
virus, pyogenic bacteria, TB, fungi, and parasites