Chap 24 Prep-u

A group of nursing students are reviewing the aspects of motor function control by the nervous system. The students demonstrate understanding of this information when they identify which of the following as a function of the cerebellum?
a) Coordination of movement motor activities
b) Initiation of voluntary motor activity
c) Transmissing of impulses to the spinal cord
d) Inhibition with dampening of impulses
Answer: Coordination of movement motor activities
Explanation: The cerebellum coordinates motor activities of movement. The cerebral cortex initiates voluntary motor activity. The pyramidal tract transmits impulses to the spinal cord. The extrapyramidal tract inhibits and dampens impulses.

A nurse recommends a regular exercise program for a patient who has difficulty sleeping. The patient asks how this will help. How would the nurse respond?
a) “Exercise can help you control your weight.”
b) “The fresh air will stimulate your metabolism.”
c) “Take my word for it. It sure helped me.”
d) “Improved sleep is one benefit of regular exercise.”
Answer: “Improved sleep is one benefit of regular exercise.”
Explanation: Some of the most important benefits of regular exercise are psychological. Improved sleep is a benefit of regular exercise.

Which of the following postural deformities might be assessed in a teenager?
a) rickets
b) scoliosis
c) osteoporosis
d) kyphosis
Answer: scoliosis
Explanation: Scoliosis, a lateral curvature of the spine, would most likely be assessed in a teenager. Kyphosis and osteoporosis are seen in older adults. Rickets is seen in children.